Congratulations to Andrea Coyle for getting the correct answer first!
Honorable mention to Judy Baker who clearly had the correct entity in mind but misnamed it.
On July 15, 1933, the Grand Central Parkway opened in Queens. Part of Robert Moses’ elaborate network of roads, the parkway was planned to connect the Triborough Bridge (which would, itself, not open for another three years) to the Nassau County border. At its eastern end, Grand Central Parkway would become the Northern State Parkway proceeding through Long Island. This was a highly contentious and contested project that angered many of the well-to-do NIMBY Long Islanders who fought for years for rerouting and realigning that would remove the parkway from their neighborhoods. Today, over 130,000 vehicles per day travel the GCP.
On July 14, 1893, the Brooklyn Daily Eagle declared the Gowanus Canal an “open cesspool”. The industrial waterway – which had transformed mightily since its early days as a farmland creek – was so filled with pollutants that hadn’t been washed away by the tides that the paper referenced the “fetid noxious stench” that was “poisoning the air that is inhaled by a million of inhabitants”. No significant cleanup efforts were made until the Federal Water Pollution Control Act of 1948. With many stops and starts, cleanup efforts have continued through the current day.
Congratulations to Patrick Casey for getting the correct answer first!